|International aid is a much needed resource for many of the countries of the developing world. In order for these nations to receive aid, however, wealthier nations must provide the resource/s. Most of the countries south of the equator are large recipients of foreign aid. France, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany are the five top providers of international aid. Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Surinam and Mauritania are the top five receivers of aid. All of the countries that receive international aid are heavily in debt and in some cases the amount owed is 70 times or more of the total earnings of that country's exports each year. Some countries will never pay off the debt they owe to the west and it is the subject of much debate throughout the world about whether or not some country's debts should be written off completely. Israel has the biggest debt in the world, followed by Panama, Nicaragua, Congo, Jamaica, Jordan, Ivory Coast, Ecuador, Mauritania, Papua New Guinea, Zambia, Honduras, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Laos, Mozambique, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and India.|
Countries that have experienced the effects of war need international aid in order to get the country running again and re-establish electricity, plumbing and infrastructure. Other countries that experience catastrophic natural disasters such as landslides, earthquakes and floods need the aid that foreign countries provide. In parts of Africa where there have been mass famines, food in the form of grain has been provided for the starving and needy.
There are also a few countries that neither give nor receive international aid. They are Russia, Greenland, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, Albania, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovak Republic, Czech Republic, Poland, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Western Sahara. So we can see from this list that all of the former Soviet Union, together with Eastern Europe are self sufficient though they do not donate to any other country's funds.