| There are organisations that are formed by governments, multinational and human rights groups and welfare organisations. |
The UN or United Nations is an organisation known to most of the world and is an organization formed by several different governments. It was formed after WWII in order to obtain and keep world peace and security. There are over 160 nations belonging to the UN now. The UN headquarters is in New York City. There are at present, five permanent members, including the United Kingdom, Russia, China, France and the USA. When meetings are held, representatives from the member nations meet in the general assembly. Since its foundation, the UN has been involved in 33 different peacekeeping operations. There are currently 7 states that are not UN members. These include Kiribati, Nauru, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tonga, Tuvalu and the Vatican City.
The EU or European Union is an organisation that was formed to simplify trade within Europe. Members of the EU include the UK, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. The Commonwealth of nations was spun from the British Empire and is comprised of 16 separate nations. All of the commonwealth nations recognise the Queen of England as their reigning head of state.
The Red Cross is an organisation that helps the suffering of this world. It was formed by a Swiss man in the 19th century and its logo is a reverse of the Swiss cross flag. Amnesty International is a human rights organisation and is responsible for the campaigning of freeing political prisoners and those who have been subject to imprisonment due to their religious beliefs.