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Worldworx Travel> Global Information> Mountains
Global Information: Mountains
Mountains are created by two sections of the earth crushing together, resulting in the land pushing upwards to form what we know as mountains. Many areas of the world are still merging together and many mountain formations continue to grow taller as the land continues to come together. The tallest and mightiest mountain range is the Himalayas which lie sandwiched between India, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tibet and Bhutan. The world's tallest mountain, Mount Everest is here, reaching a summit of 8848 metres. There is reason to believe that the Himalayas were once under water as fossils have been found on some of the upper slopes. 

Mountains can even be found on the equator. Mount Kilamanjaro in Tanzania, Africa reaches a height of 5895 metres above sea level. Famous ranges elsewhere include the Andes of South America, the French and Swiss Alps, the Carpathians and the High Tatras. Mount Fuji in Japan is world famous and appears in many of the tourist brochures about Japan. It can be a difficult mountain to see let alone climb as it is shrouded in mist for a large part of the year.

The average mountain temperature falls 6.5 degrees per 1000 metres gained above sea level. The air becomes lighter and thinner the higher the elevation. Mountaineers have to be careful when ascending mountains as mountain sickness is a real threat. Victims spend times in depressurising chambers in order to recover safely.
 

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