|Political systems form the basis by which any country is run from day to day and also affect international disputes and sometimes wars. Different countries and regions have various different types of government and politics in place. Most countries are capitalist, meaning that most of a country's assets are owned either by individuals or small groups. |
Democratic countries have their head of state as an elected president. This president is usually in charge of all affairs although in some countries, the president merely acts as a figurehead and the country is run by either a chancellor or prime minister. Most countries have governments who have the power to amend or create laws. Where this system is in place, there is usually an executive to propose the law and also a judiciary who sees to it that all laws are fairly placed.
Socialist countries think that the government should see to it that every person has equal rights, fair distribution of wages and taxes, proper education, adequate food, housing and health. Once, communist countries were abound throughout the world but during the early nineties a series of revolutions broke up many of the former communist republics. Many of the Soviet republics declared independence after revolutions had occurred.
The revolution of Czechoslovakia is known as the 'Velvet Divorce'. This was a bloodless revolution in that there were very few casualties and deaths. There are still some communist countries in existence today including China, Cuba and North Korea. In a communist country, everything is owned by the community, the community being the state or government. China and North Korea are also Autocracies in that one single person holds absolute power over the people and the state.