|There are many ethnic groups and minorities throughout the world although many groups within a wide catchment area relate to one another in some way. Many nations have similar sounding or indeed the same languages as each other. In the past 30 years people have migrated en mass, leaving many of the world's countries with large numbers of ethnic minorities. In the Czech Republic there are minorities from Romania. Albanians and Yugoslav groups have made their home in Italy and large numbers of African minorities have made their home in France, more so in the capital city Paris. People often migrate to countries that once commanded empires within their own. This gives some explanation as to the large numbers of minorities from India in the United Kingdom, France's African connection and also the Surinamese that reside in the Netherlands, as Suriname was once a Dutch protectorate.|
The official languages of the world relate to the many ethnic groups. These are English, Chinese, Hindi, Spanish, Russian, French, Arabic, Portuguese, Malay, Bengali and Japanese. The most widely spoken language is Chinese Mandarin with English coming in second, Hindi third and Spanish fourth. Although these are the core languages of the world, there are many other complex language groups. The Indo-European family includes the Balto-Slavic, Germanic, Celtic, Greek, Albanian, Iranian, Armenian, Romance, Indo-Aryan and Caucasian groups. The Afro-Asiatic family includes the Semitic, Kushitic and Berer groups. The Altaic family consists of the Turkic, Mongolian, Tungus-Manchu, Japanese and Korean groups. The Sino-Tibetan family is comprised of the Sinitic and Tibetic-Burmic groups. The Mon-Khmer, Muda and Vietnamese groups are part of the Austro-Asiatic family. Other families include the Khoisan, Niger-Congo, Nilo-Shaharan, Uralic, Tai, Dravidian and Austonesian.