|East Africa's southern coast faces the Indian Ocean and its northern coast faces the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden in the north. The countries that make up East Africa are Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. The total land area measures 6,253,259 sq km. The population of East Africa is 224,251,923 with a population density of 32 people per square mile.|
The terrain is largely desert in the north, rising to an area of central highlands, punctuated by pockets of rolling savannah. The regions closest to Central Africa are home to some of Africa's most remote and inaccessible rainforests. Natural features include the Ethiopian Highlands, Lakes Tanganyika, Victoria and the Great Rift Valley.
Agriculture forms a large part of the economy within East Africa although tourism and industry are quickly developing. The fast flowing rivers within the centre of East Africa are now being used as a useful resource for the creation of hydroelectric power. The transport network is comprised of 164,929 km of roads and 11,381 km of railroad. The many ports of the east coast are an important export tool for East Africa.
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