|Southern Africa is comprised of the countries Botswana, Comoros, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The northern region embraces Central and East Africa while the west, south and east coasts face the Mozambique Channel, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean respectively. Natural features include the Okavango Delta, the Zambezi River, Victoria Falls and the vast Kalahari Desert.|
The terrain is comprised almost solely of a high plateau and grassy savannah, supporting huge numbers of world famous wildlife in equally famous national parks such as Kruger in South Africa. The islands of the Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles lie within the Indian Ocean. These islands are home to an incredible variety of endemic wildlife due to the isolation from the mainland. The total landmass of Southern Africa measures 5,910,870 sq km. The population stands at 120,404,584 with a population density of 19 people per sq km.
Southern Africa was favoured as a profitable land by the early European settlers who discovered the region's potential mineral wealth, exploiting vast quantities of gold, especially within South Africa. It was within South Africa that until as recently as 1994 Apartheid prevailed, and racial separation between blacks and whites was commonplace. Southern Africa's transport network is comprised of 135,609km of roads, 1202km of highways and 37,372km of railways. The important port cities along the points have long been important trading posts.
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