The fauna of the Middle East is largely confined to rodents like the desert rat as well as larger animals like the camel. It is not uncommon to spot what is known as a 'camel train' wandering across the top of a desert sand dune or even through town. Most of the Middle East is subject to a dry, arid climate with some interesting extremes. The mountainous areas can experience freezing and hostile winters and although the heat of the plains and the desert may be unbearably hot during the day, at night it is a different story and it even gets to freezing temperatures in the desert after nightfall.
The Middle East is known as the Land of Black Gold. A great deal of the world's oil and natural gas reserves can be found within the Middle East. These very valuable minerals are refined and sent to export via a series of lengthy pipelines. Oil has made many of the Middle Eastern countries extremely rich, although some countries have yet to develop and use there natural resources to full potential.
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