|The polar regions of the earth are commonly referred to as Antarctica and the Arctic but also the North and South Poles or even the 'Secret Continents'. They are located at the extreme north and south of planet earth. These regions are home to some of the harshest terrain on the globe and also the most beautiful scenery ranging from sheer sheets of ice, to caverns to snow drifts.|
As the polar regions are mostly inhospitable areas of the globe, population is confined to relatively small numbers of researchers and marine biologists. The only indigenous group of the polar regions is the Eskimo civilization. These came to the Arctic more than 40,000 years ago and are famous for their igloo housing made from ice and for fishing through purpose-cut holes in the ice surface.
The polar regions are large areas of land and sea and in fact the Arctic measures 14.056 million sq km and the Antarctic 14 million sq km. The highest point of elevation is the Vinson Massif which stands at a height of 4897m above sea level. The Arctic Ocean is subject to a harsh, polar climate.
Winter is a time of continuous darkness, cold and stable weather conditions and clear skies. Summer is a time of continuous daylight, damp and foggy weather and weak cyclones with rain or snow. This area is home to some extraordinary life forms including killer whales, seals, walrus and penguins.
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