|Thailand: Kingdom of Thailand|
Currency: baht (THB)
Languages: Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Religions: Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6%
Borders: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km
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|The Kingdom of Thailand is located in the heart of Southeast Asia and borders Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Malaysia. It has a total landmass of 511,770 sq km and a further 2,230 sq km of inland water. Thailand enjoys a coastline that faces the Andaman Sea in the west and the Gulf of Thailand in the east. This coastline is home to some of the finest beaches in Asia and stretches a total of 3,219 km along both sides of the country. The terrain of Thailand is comprised of a low-lying central plain, the Khorat Plateau in the east and a mountainous northwestern region where the country's highest peak Doi Inthanon can be found at a height of 2,576m. Thailand's attractions lie in its Buddhist attire, temples of Chiang Mai in the north, limestone cliffs and caverns of Krabi in the south and the non stop beach party atmospheres on the islands of Ko Samui and Pha-Ngan in the southeast.|
Thailand was formerly known as Siam until as recently as 1939 and is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonised by European powers. King Bhumibol Adulyadej is much loved by the Thais who stand for the national anthem daily, whether inside or on the streets. The population of Thailand is 62,354,402, of which 6 million reside in the capital city of Bangkok. The official language is Thai, although English is widely spoken. The national unit of currency is the Baht.
Thailand has enjoyed a surge in tourist numbers in recent years and although 6 million people visit Thailand every year, the country does not rely solely on this industry. Over 50% of the nation's workforce is employed within agriculture, producing rice, cassava, rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts and soybeans. The chief export partner of Thailand is the USA. The transport network of Thailand is comprised of 4,071 km of railways and 64,600 km of highways. 62,985 km of Thailand's highways are paved.
The climate of Thailand is tropical, humid and hot, with a southwest monsoon from May to September and a northeast monsoon from November to March. The average annual daily temperature is 35�C. The hottest recorded temperature in Bangkok was 41�C.