| With a landmass of 9,372,610 sq. km, few countries rival the United States of America in wealth and size. It has a population in excess of 280 million and is the third largest country in population terms, and the fourth largest in landmass. With such a large area of land, the USA has a variety of different climates: Western USA tends to be warmer than the East Coast, whilst the centre usually remains fairly hot and dry. The USA houses great natural features such as the Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National Park and The Rockies, with the highest mountain (Mt McKinley) soaring to a height of 6,194m.|
The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia and boasts New York, one of the world�s great cities, and it is not even the capital. The capital is in fact Washington DC, and this is where the president resides in the legendary �White House�. Capital Hill nearby houses the Pentagon, perhaps the world�s most advanced military strategic stronghold. Other important cities include San Francisco, Los Angeles, Las Vegas (and its world famous casinos), Dallas and Chicago (the Windy City) to name a few. Alaska and Hawaii are also considered part of the USA.�States include: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.
It can be argued that the USA consumes the most oil and food of the world�s countries, although it certainly also produces important things such as aircraft, cotton, wheat, sugar and chemicals. Texas is the huge Oil State, and is responsible for a great deal of the USA�s oil production.
The climate of the USA is diverse due to its sheer size. Within the central plain and in the deserts, the weather is hot and dry year-round. Towards the coasts and in the north of the country, a temperate climate prevails. The North Atlantic coast experiences a harsh winter with sub zero temperatures. The coldest temperature ever recorded in New York City was -25�C. Generally speaking the southern coasts experience warmer year round weather. California state is renowned for its sunshine and Florida for its semi tropical weather and storms to match.